Fikih Tata Cara Sholat Praktis (7)


oleh : Ust Abu Abdillah Utsman

Rangkaian Fiqh Sholat (7)

Beberapa hadits seputar khusyu’ :

–          “Tidak ada sholat dalam keadaan dihidangkan makanan [yang diselerai] dan tidak ada sholat ketika menahan buang air besar atau buang air kecil.” (HR.Bukhari Muslim)

–          Suatu ketika ‘Aisyah radhiyallahu ‘anha memiliki kain bergambar/bercorak untuk menutup salah satu dinding rumah, maka Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم memerintahkan untuk menyingkirkan kain tersebut karena gambar yang ada mengganggu beliau ketika sholat. (HR.Bukhari Muslim)

5. Doa Iftitah/Istiftah

Beliau mengajarkan berbagai macam doa iftitah, diantaranya

اللَّهُمَّ بَاعِدْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ خَطَايَايَ كَمَا بَاعَدْتَ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ اللَّهُمَّ نَقِّنِي مِنْ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنْ الدَّنَسِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْ خَطَايَايَ بِالْمَاءِ وَالثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ

Doa ini sering beliau baca ketika sholat fardhu/wajib.(HR.Bukhari Muslim)

Doa yang lain (HR.Muslim):

وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ أَنْتَ رَبِّي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَاهْدِنِي لِأَحْسَنِ الْأَخْلَاقِ لَا يَهْدِي لِأَحْسَنِهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا لَا يَصْرِفُ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

Doa ini dibaca ketika sholat wajib dan sholat sunnah.

Doa yang lain (HR.Muslim) :

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا

Ketika Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم mendengar seseorang membaca doa ini, beliau berkata bahwa beliau kagum dengan doa ini karena telah terbuka pintu – pintu langit disebabkan doa ini.

Doa yang lain (HR.Muslim) :

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ

Ketika Rasulullah shallallahu ’alaihi wa sallam mendengar seseorang membaca doa ini, beliau mengatakan bahwa 12 ribu malaikat berlomba – lomba untuk mengangkat amalan ini [ke langit].

Doa yang lain (HR.Bukhari Muslim) :

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نُورُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ قَيَّامُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ رَبُّ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ أَنْتَ الْحَقُّ وَوَعْدُكَ الْحَقُّ وَقَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ وَلِقَاؤُكَ حَقٌّ وَالْجَنَّةُ حَقٌّ وَالنَّارُ حَقٌّ وَالسَّاعَةُ حَقٌّ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ حَاكَمْتُ فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَأَخَّرْتُ وَأَسْرَرْتُ وَأَعْلَنْتُ أَنْتَ إِلَهِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ

Doa ini beliau ucapkan ketika sholat malam.

Kita dianjurkan untuk tidak membaca satu doa saja karena dengan mengganti – ganti doa ada beberapa manfaat diantaranya:

–          Mengikuti sunnah Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم karena beliau juga membaca bermacam – macam doa.

–          Menghidupkan sunnah yang mungkin telah ditinggalkan oleh kebanyakan orang.

–          Lebih membuat qalbu kita khusyu’.

–          Kita bisa menyesuaikan dengan keadaan yang ada.


6. Membaca ta’awudz sebagaimana Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala perintahkan ketika kita akan membaca Al Quran untuk berlindung dari gangguan syaithon

فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ } [النحل:98]


7. Membaca بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم dengan tanpa mengeraskan suara.(HR.Bukhari Muslim)

Anas bin Malik,seorang shahabat yang menjadi pembantu Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم selama 10 tahun, berkata : “Aku sholat menjadi makmum di belakang Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم, Abu Bakar, dan Umar, dan Utsman mereka semua memulai bacaan dengan الحمد لله رب العالمين


8. Membaca Al Fatihah dengan membaca ayat demi ayat dengan memutus satu ayat dengan ayat lainnya.

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