Sutroh dalam Sholat

kaligrafi-bismillahirrahmanirrahim-i3

Oleh : Ust. Abu ‘Abdillah ‘Utsman

Sutrah Dalam Shalat

            Yang dimaksud sutrah adalah sesuatu yang berada di depan orang yang menunaikan shalat sebagai batas antara dirinya dengan orang yang lewat di depannya, atau batas pandangan mata saat mengarah ke arah tempat sujud.Sesuatu yang dapat dijadikan sutrah –di sekitar kita- semisal tembok, tiang atau orang yang duduk.

            Oleh karena sangat pentingnya masalah sutrah, maka kita hendaknya benar-benar cermat saat membaca materi bahasan kali ini.Semoga berfaedah…

Hukum Memakai Sutrah Saat Shalat

            Para ulama berbeda pendapat tentang hukum sutrah dalam shalat.Mayoritas (jumhur) ulama menyatakan bahwa sutrah dalam shalat itu hukumnya sunnah.Namun sebagian lain berpendapat wajib.

            Diantara dalil yang dijadikan landasan tentang sunnahnya menggunakan sutrah adalah hadits Abdullah bin Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma, berkata : “Aku pernah datang dengan menunggang keledai betina –saat itu aku hampir baligh- dalam keadaan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam mengerjakan shalat di Mina tanpa menghadap tembok…”(HR.al- Bukhari).Lafazh “tanpa menghadap tembok” maksudnya tanpa menghadap sutrah (Lihat Fathul Bari).

            Adapun dalil yang dapat dijadikan landasan wajibnya sutrah adalah hadits Abu Said al-Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhuma, berkata : “Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam bersabda (artinya) : “Apabila salah seorang diantara kalian mengerjakan shalat, maka shalatlah menghadap sutrah dan mendekatlah ke sutrah tersebut”.(HR.Abu Dawud dan Ibnu Majah yang dikatakan asy-Syaih al-Albani : “Hasan Shahih”).Dari Abdullah bin Umar radhiyallahu ‘anhuma  berkata : “Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam bersabda (artinya ) : “Janganlah engkau shalat melainkan menghadap sutrah…”(Ashlu Shifat Shalat dan dinyatakan asy-Syaikh al-Albani sebagai hadits yang jayyid).Kedua hadits ini jelas sekali menunjukkan perintah untuk shalat menghadap sutrah, sedangkan hukum asal perintah itu adalah wajib.

            Dari 2 pendapat di atas, pendapat kedua tampaknya lebih kuat insya Allah.Adapun lafazh “tanpa menghadap tembok” adalah lafazh tambahan yang syadz (janggal atau lemah) menurut asy-Syaikh al-Albani, sebagaimana di dalam kitab Silsilah adh-Dha’ifah 5814 yang kami nukil dari catatan kaki kitab Ashlu Shifat Shalat.Wallaahu a’lam.

            Namun seandainya diantara kita memilih pendapat pertama (sunnah), maka itu pun hendaknya pilihan yang berdasar dalil (ilmiah), sekaligus bukan untuk kemudian bermudah-mudahan tidak memakai sutrah.

            Kewajiban memakai sutrah berlaku umum, baik bagi orang yang shalat wajib maupun sunnah, baik bagi imam, makmum masbuq saat melengkapi kekurangan rakaatnya maupun orang yang shalat sendirian.Adapun bagi setiap makmum yang tengah shalat bersama imamnya, maka sutrahnya adalah sutrah yang digunakan imam tersebut.Artinya, sutrah yang digunakan imam sudah mencukupi sebagai sutrah bagi seluruh makmum yang tengah shalat bersamanya.Hal ini dapat kita pahami dari perkataan Abdullah bin Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma saat shalat bersama Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam : “…Aku pun lewat depan sebagian barisan shaf.Lalu aku turun dari keledai betinaku dan aku lepas untuk mencari makan.Setelah itu aku masuk barisan shaf.Ternyata tidak ada seorang pun yang mengingkari perbuatanku”.(HR.al-Bukhari.Lihat Muslim)

            Tidak adanya seorang pun –termasuk Nabi- yang mengingkari lewatnya Ibnu Abbas di depan sebagian barisan shaf, merupakan dalil bahwa sutrahnya imam adalah sutrah bagi siapa saja yang tengah bermakmum kepadanya.Kalau seandainya sutrah imam bukan sutrah bagi seluruh makmumnya, niscaya perbuatan Ibnu Abbas akan diingkari.Al-Imam al-Bukhari rahimahullah meletakkan sebuah bab di dalam kitab Shahih beliau (artinya) : “Bab Sutrah Imam Adalah Sutrah Bagi Siapa Saja Yang Tengah Berada Di Belakangnya”, lalu beliau membawakan hadits Ibnu Abbas tersebut.

            Lalu bagaimana jika sang imam tidak memakai sutrah ? Apakah wajib bagi setiap makmum memakai sutrah ? Jawabnya : Tidak wajib bagi setiap makmum untuk memakai sutrah karena kewajiban sutrah hanya dibebankan kepada sang imam.Kesalahan yang dilakukan seorang imam pada perkara yang menjadi kewajibannya tidaklah ditanggung oleh makmumnya, tetapi ia tanggung sendiri.Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam bersabda (artinya) : “Seorang imam itu penanggung jawab bagi shalatnya.Bila ia benar maka pahalanya untuk dirinya dan makmum.Namun, bila ia salah maka dosanya untuk dirinya dan tidak untuk makmumnya”.(HR.Ibnu Majah yang dishahihkan asy-Syaikh al-Albani.Lihat al-Bukhari).Wallaahu a’lam.

            Dianjurkan untuk mendekati sutrah saat menunaikan shalat.Hal ini sebagaimana perintah Nabi Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam (artinya) : “Apabila salah seorang diantara kalian shalat menghadap sutrah, maka mendekatlah.(Dengan itu) syaithan tidak akan mampu memutus shalat orang tersebut”.(HR.Abu Dawud dan an-Nasa’i yang dishahihkan asy-Syaikh al-Albani)

            Asy-Syaikh Ali al-Qari rahimahullah berkata : “Dapat diambil faedah dari hadits ini bahwa sutrah itu dapat mencegah penguasaan dan kemampuan syaithan membisikkan keraguan terhadap orang yang shalat.Bisa jadi seluruh shalatnya dan bisa jadi sebagiannya, tergantung kejujurannya dalam shalat dan kesungguhannya menghadapkan kalbunya kepada Allah Ta’ala.Tanpa adanya sutrah, dapat memberi kekuasaan bagi syaithan untuk menghilangkan apa yang tengah dijalani orang tersebut berupa kekhusyu’an, penghambaan diri, penghayatan bacaan surat dan zikir”.(Dinukil dari Ashlu Shifat Shalat)

Larangan Melewati Depan Orang Yang Sedang Shalat

            Sangat dilarang bagi siapa pun untuk melewati sela antara sutrah dengan orang yang sedang shalat, atau melewati tempat sujudnya bila tidak ada sutrah pada orang yang shalat tersebut.Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam pernah mengingatkan (artinya) : “Kalau seandainya orang yang melewati depan orang shalat itu mengetahui (dosa) apa yang akan ia terima, niscaya berdiri selama 40 itu lebih mendingan baginya daripada melewati depan orang shalat”.(HR.al-Bukhari dan Muslim).Salah seorang periwayat hadits ini berkata : “Aku tidak tahu apakah beliau bersabda : “40 hari, 40 bulan atau 40 tahun” ?”

            Al-Imam an-Nawawi rahimahullah berkata : “Makna hadits ini adalah larangan tegas dan ancaman keras terhadap perbuatan tersebut”.(Syarh an-Nawawi)

            Al-Hafizh Ibnu Hajar rahimahullah mengomentari ucapan an-Nawawi di atas : “Kandungan ucapan beliau ini bahwa perbuatan tersebut termasuk dosa besar”.(Fathul Bari)

            Dengan demikian, seharusnya setiap orang yang berjalan melewati deretan manusia di dalam masjid –terkhusus pada shalat Jum’at di masjid besar- untuk tidak tergesa-gesa, sabar dan benar-benar memperhatikan celah tempat yang akan ia lewati.Jangan sampai ia melewati depan orang yang menunaikan shalat.Demikian pula sebaliknya, orang yang akan menunaikan shalat hendaknya terlebih dahulu memilih tempat yang aman dari lalu lalang manusia yang ingin masuk atau keluar masjid, kemudian mendekati sesuatu yang dapat dijadikan sutrah semisal tembok masjid.

            Akan tetapi larangan melewati depan orang shalat ini, tidaklah berlaku bagi makmum yang melewati depan barisan shaf saat akan masuk atau keluar dari barisan shaf, sebagaimana perbuatan Ibnu Abbas yang telah berlalu penyebutannya.Hanya saja, melewati depan barisan shaf –dalam keadaan tertentu- kadang dapat mengganggu kekhusyu’an dan gerakan orang shalat semisal saat akan ruku’ atau sujud.Bila demikian, alangkah baiknya saat itu sang makmum tidak melewati depan barisan shaf apabila memang memungkinkan.Wallaahu a’lam.

Perintah Untuk Mencegah Seseorang Yang Lewat Depan Orang Yang Sedang Shalat

            Perintah ini ditandaskan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam melalui sabdanya (artinya) : “Janganlah engkau shalat melainkan menghadap sutrah.Janganlah engkau membiarkan siapa pun lewat di depanmu.Apabila ia menolak (untuk beralih dari depanmu), maka tahanlah dia.Sesungguhnya (saat itu) orang tersebut bersama jin jahat”.(Ashlu Shifat Shalat dan dinyatakan asy-Syaikh al-Albani sebagai hadits yang jayyid)

            Perintah disini hukumnya wajib karena hukum asal perintah itu adalah wajib.Terlebih terdapat perintah berikutnya, yaitu menahan siapa saja yang tetap enggan beralih dari depan orang shalat.Apabila kita mengabaikan perintah ini, maka kita berdosa.Namun, apabila kita telah mencegah seseorang agar tidak lewat depan kita saat shalat dan ternyata orang tersebut tetap bersikeras lewat, maka orang tersebutlah yang berdosa bukan kita.

            Dalam hadits ini terdapat lafazh “siapa pun”, yang menunjukkan bahwa setiap orang, baik pria, wanita, orang baligh bahkan anak belum baligh sekalipun, tetap dicegah agar tidak lewat depan orang shalat.

3 Hal Yang Membatalkan Shalat Seseorang Apabila Terlanjur Lewat di Depannya

            Ini adalah perkara yang sangat penting untuk diketahui karena sangat terkait dengan batalnya shalat seseorang.Disebutkan dalam sebuah hadits bahwa Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi Wasallam bersabda (artinya) : “Diulangi shalat karena lewatnya keledai, wanita dan anjing hitam”.(Ash-Shahihah 3323)

            Keledai, wanita dan anjing hitam adalah 3 hal yang apabila lewat depan orang yang shalat, maka shalat orang tersebut batal dan harus diulangi dari awal.Wanita yang dimaksud adalah wanita yang sudah baligh, sehingga wanita yang belum baligh bila melewati depan orang shalat, maka shalatnya tidak batal.Hanya saja tetap diwajibkan bagi orang yang shalat tersebut untuk mencegahnya agar tidak melewati depannya.

            Diantara 3 hal ini, keberadaan wanita baligh memiliki kemungkinan yang cukup besar –di sekitar kita- untuk lewat depan orang yang shalat.Seorang istri, saudara perempuan atau anak putri melewati depan suami, saudara laki-laki atau ayah yang sedang shalat di rumah dan wanita baligh yang melewati depan wanita lain yang sedang shalat di masjid adalah beberapa contoh kejadian yang bisa saja terjadi di sekitar kita.

             Lalu bagaimana jika wanita baligh tersebut tetap bersikeras lewat depan orang shalat, padahal sudah dicegah ? Apakah shalat orang tersebut tetap batal ? Jawabnya : Shalat orang tersebut insya Allah tidak batal, karena sangat berat untuk menyatakan  shalatnya batal saat ia sudah berupaya mencegah wanita tadi.Berbeda halnya bila orang tersebut tidak mencegahnya, maka tidak ragu lagi bahwa shalatnya batal.

Wallaahu a’lamu bish-Shawaab

53 Responses to Sutroh dalam Sholat

  1. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So good to seek out any person with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this website is one thing that is needed on the net, somebody with a bit of originality. useful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  2. Your house is valueble for me. Thanks!?

  3. adidas nmd says:

    There are some attention-grabbing time limits on this article but I don抰 know if I see all of them center to heart. There’s some validity but I’ll take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we wish more! Added to FeedBurner as effectively

  4. yeezy boost says:

    I enjoy you because of each of your efforts on this site. Kate enjoys engaging in investigation and it’s simple to grasp why. Most of us learn all of the compelling way you offer reliable information by means of your blog and even encourage response from visitors on the concern so our favorite daughter is actually studying a great deal. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You are conducting a powerful job.

  5. yeezy boost says:

    Oh my goodness! a tremendous article dude. Thanks Nonetheless I’m experiencing difficulty with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anyone getting similar rss downside? Anybody who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  6. I抦 impressed, I have to say. Really hardly ever do I encounter a weblog that抯 each educative and entertaining, and let me let you know, you might have hit the nail on the head. Your thought is excellent; the difficulty is something that not sufficient individuals are talking intelligently about. I’m very happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something referring to this.

  7. There are some interesting closing dates in this article however I don抰 know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity but I’ll take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want extra! Added to FeedBurner as nicely

  8. air max thea says:

    Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I wish to put in writing like this additionally ?taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article?however what can I say?I procrastinate alot and on no account appear to get one thing done.

  9. yeezy boost says:

    I have to express my thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of such a circumstance. Right after checking through the the net and seeing basics which were not helpful, I assumed my life was over. Living devoid of the strategies to the problems you’ve solved as a result of this website is a serious case, as well as those that might have badly affected my career if I had not encountered the website. Your primary expertise and kindness in playing with the whole lot was precious. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a point like this. I can at this point look forward to my future. Thank you very much for this expert and sensible guide. I won’t be reluctant to suggest your web site to any person who ought to have counselling on this subject.

  10. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..more wait .. ?

  11. I抎 have to examine with you here. Which isn’t something I normally do! I take pleasure in reading a submit that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  12. Good post. I be taught one thing more difficult on different blogs everyday. It would all the time be stimulating to read content from different writers and apply just a little something from their store. I抎 choose to use some with the content material on my weblog whether you don抰 mind. Natually I抣l give you a link in your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  13. yeezy boost says:

    An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing slightly evaluation on this. And he in reality purchased me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If doable, as you turn out to be experience, would you mind updating your weblog with more particulars? It is extremely useful for me. Massive thumb up for this weblog post!

  14. I’m writing to make you be aware of what a outstanding encounter my cousin’s princess obtained checking yuor web blog. She learned so many issues, most notably what it’s like to possess an awesome giving spirit to get folks really easily have an understanding of several hard to do issues. You undoubtedly surpassed our own desires. Thank you for distributing those insightful, safe, educational and even cool tips about this topic to Mary.

  15. This web page is really a walk-via for all of the information you needed about this and didn抰 know who to ask. Glimpse here, and also you抣l definitely discover it.

  16. That is the suitable weblog for anybody who desires to search out out about this topic. You understand a lot its nearly exhausting to argue with you (not that I really would want匟aHa). You positively put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just nice!

  17. roshe run says:

    After I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a remark is added I get 4 emails with the identical comment. Is there any method you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  18. Spot on with this write-up, I actually suppose this website needs rather more consideration. I抣l in all probability be again to read rather more, thanks for that info.

  19. A formidable share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a bit analysis on this. And he the truth is bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the deal with! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading extra on this topic. If potential, as you develop into expertise, would you mind updating your weblog with more particulars? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog put up!

  20. yeezy shoes says:

    I would like to express thanks to this writer just for rescuing me from this dilemma. As a result of surfing around through the world wide web and getting views which are not beneficial, I thought my entire life was done. Living minus the strategies to the problems you’ve resolved as a result of your article content is a crucial case, and those that could have in a negative way affected my entire career if I had not encountered your web blog. Your primary mastery and kindness in dealing with every aspect was vital. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a step like this. It’s possible to at this moment relish my future. Thanks so much for the high quality and sensible guide. I won’t hesitate to suggest the blog to any individual who would need assistance on this situation.

  21. There’s noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice factors in options also.

  22. adidas nmd says:

    You made some decent factors there. I regarded on the web for the problem and found most people will associate with along with your website.

  23. An interesting discussion is value comment. I feel that it’s best to write extra on this matter, it won’t be a taboo subject however usually people are not enough to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  24. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn anything like this before. So good to search out any person with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this web site is something that is needed on the web, someone with slightly originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  25. Oh my goodness! an incredible article dude. Thank you Nonetheless I’m experiencing concern with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting similar rss downside? Anyone who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  26. yeezy boost says:

    I wanted to send you one very little remark in order to thank you so much again with your nice basics you’ve shared here. It’s simply pretty generous with you giving publicly exactly what most people might have supplied as an electronic book to get some profit on their own, mostly now that you might well have done it in the event you wanted. These tips additionally served like a easy way to recognize that some people have a similar zeal much like my very own to figure out somewhat more around this problem. I know there are many more enjoyable opportunities in the future for many who look into your blog.

  27. An attention-grabbing discussion is worth comment. I believe that it’s best to write more on this matter, it may not be a taboo subject but generally persons are not sufficient to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  28. Can I just say what a relief to seek out someone who really is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You undoubtedly know find out how to bring an issue to mild and make it important. More people have to learn this and understand this aspect of the story. I cant consider youre no more fashionable because you positively have the gift.

  29. Oh my goodness! an incredible article dude. Thanks Nevertheless I’m experiencing challenge with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical rss downside? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

  30. Aw, this was a very nice post. In concept I wish to put in writing like this moreover ?taking time and actual effort to make a very good article?however what can I say?I procrastinate alot and on no account appear to get something done.

  31. Hi There! We are looking for experienced people that might be interested in from working their home on a part-time basis. If you want to earn $200 a day, and you don’t mind creating some short opinions up, this might be perfect opportunity for you! Simply check out the link here NOW!

  32. Hi there very nice website!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I will bookmark your website and take the feeds additionallyKI am satisfied to seek out numerous useful information here within the put up, we need develop more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  33. Regina says:

    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

  34. Learn More says:

    X3UJ7X Normally I do not read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice article.

  35. After examine a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your manner of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site listing and can be checking back soon. Pls take a look at my web page as well and let me know what you think.

  36. yeezy boost says:

    I wish to get across my affection for your kindness for those people who must have guidance on the concept. Your real commitment to passing the message across had been amazingly effective and have enabled men and women much like me to arrive at their dreams. Your insightful instruction indicates so much a person like me and a whole lot more to my office colleagues. Thank you; from all of us.

  37. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn anything like this before. So good to seek out any individual with some unique ideas on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this website is something that is wanted on the internet, someone with just a little originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  38. There are some fascinating time limits on this article however I don抰 know if I see all of them heart to heart. There may be some validity however I’ll take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as effectively

  39. you’ve gotten an awesome blog here! would you wish to make some invite posts on my blog?

  40. you’ve got an excellent weblog right here! would you like to make some invite posts on my blog?

  41. Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I would like to put in writing like this moreover ?taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article?however what can I say?I procrastinate alot and in no way seem to get one thing done.

  42. adidas nmd says:

    This really answered my downside, thanks!

  43. Spot on with this write-up, I actually suppose this website needs way more consideration. I抣l in all probability be once more to read much more, thanks for that info.

  44. Oh my goodness! an incredible article dude. Thank you Nevertheless I’m experiencing problem with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anyone getting similar rss downside? Anybody who is aware of kindly respond. Thnkx

  45. After I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the identical comment. Is there any approach you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  46. yeezy boost says:

    I am only commenting to make you be aware of what a extraordinary discovery my wife’s girl had using your webblog. She mastered plenty of pieces, including what it’s like to possess an awesome giving mindset to get a number of people with no trouble know just exactly certain specialized matters. You really exceeded my expectations. Thank you for coming up with the informative, safe, edifying not to mention cool tips about this topic to Mary.

  47. polo lacoste says:

    There’s noticeably a bundle to learn about this. I assume you made sure nice factors in features also.

  48. An impressive share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing somewhat evaluation on this. And he in fact purchased me breakfast as a result of I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic. If attainable, as you develop into expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It’s extremely useful for me. Large thumb up for this weblog submit!

  49. nike zoom says:

    You made some first rate points there. I regarded on the internet for the problem and found most individuals will associate with together with your website.

  50. I am usually to running a blog and i really appreciate your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your website and hold checking for brand spanking new information.

  51. An fascinating discussion is worth comment. I feel that you should write more on this subject, it won’t be a taboo topic however generally individuals are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  52. you will have an excellent blog here! would you prefer to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  53. yeezy boost says:

    I must show my thanks to you just for bailing me out of this type of issue. After checking through the the web and finding suggestions which were not powerful, I figured my entire life was well over. Living minus the strategies to the issues you have resolved as a result of the short article is a serious case, as well as the ones which might have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I had not discovered the blog. Your primary training and kindness in touching a lot of stuff was tremendous. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a solution like this. I can also at this time relish my future. Thanks for your time very much for your high quality and amazing guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest your site to anyone who should receive guidance about this topic.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *